Workplace Hazards

Risks & Control



Book description

In as much as we live within hazardous environments, it is our responsibility to make the environment favourable. It is our responsibility to provide guide to workers’ safety, change attitude and offer safety training programmes to ensure safe work environment. Remember, it is important to make rules about safety; however, it is more important to ensure safety by locking dangers away. This book x-rays the various workplaces and associated hazards as well as provides an insight to some measures of safety within workplace.

​Table of content

Dedication. v

Acknowledgements. vii

Preface. xii

CHAPTER 1        Workplace Hazards and Assessment 2   ​​N399.00  ($1)

1.1          Workplace and work environment 2

1.2          Workplace hazard.. 4

1.3          Occupational health. 6

1.4          Safety and safety management systems. 10

1.5          Risk and risk management 18

1.6          Accident and accident investigation. 29

1.7          Incidence and incidence rate. 33

1.8          Injury and injury prevention. 35

1.9          Disaster risk and mitigation. 42

1.10        Vulnerability. 44

1.11        Specific cases of workplace hazards. 45

1.12        Environment 46

1.13        Environmental impact assessment (EIA) 49

CHAPTER 2     Occupational Hazards and Management 55    N399.00  ($1)

2.1.         Occupational hazards. 55

2.2.         Health and management system... 58

2.3.         Occupational safety and health administration OSHA.. 59

2.4.         Occupational safety and health act (OSH) Act 60

2.5.         Approach to safety at workplace. 61

2.6.         Safety responsibilities of workplace partners. 63

2.7.         Four dangerous workplace excuses. 64

2.8.         Workplace partners health and safety obligations. 65

2.6          Meeting your obligation. 69

2.7          Workplace health and safety laws. 70

2.8          Health and safety policy. 70

2.9          Workplace injury prevention. 73

CHAPTER 3      Work and Tool Ergonomic Hazards. 76    N399.00  ($1)

3.1          Introduction. 76

3.2          Ergonomic hazards. 76

3.3          Manual work ergonomics. 79

3.4          Hand and power tools. 85

3.5          Tool ergonomic hazards. 85

3.6          Tool handle ergonomics. 87

3.7          Tool-task match ergonomics. 90

3.8          Hand tool selection and safe-use. 96

3.9          Hand tool hazards and safety practices. 104

CHAPTER 4      Workshop Hazards and Safety. 110       N399.00  ($1)

4.1          Introduction. 110

4.2          Hazard areas in workshop.. 111

4.3          Workshop illnesses and hygiene. 111

4.4          Ensuring safe workshop environment 113

4.5          General requirements for workshop safety. 119

4.6          Mechanical workshop injuries. 120

4.7          Hazards in mechanical workshops. 121

4.8          Safety in working with tyres. 122

4.9          Hazards in hoisting loads. 127

4.10        Protection systems against fall, slip and trips. 129

4.11        Electrical hazards and safety. 132

4.12        Fire and containment measures in workplaces. 135

4.13        Safe work practices. 146

4.14        Principles of machine safety. 147

4.15        Metal working machine and safety. 148

4.16        Specific cases of machine hazards. 165

CHAPTER 5       Farm Structures and Safety. 175       N399.00  ($1)  

5        Introduction. 175

5.1          Hazards in confined spaces. 175

5.2          Hazards in storage structures. 176

CHAPTER 6      Personal Protection in Workplaces. 182      N399.00  ($1)

6        Introduction. 182

6.1          General safety and health provisions. 182

6.2          Personal protection requirements. 182

6.3          Personal protective equipment 183

6.3.1      Types of body protection. 183

6.4          Noise in machinery operation and protection. 198

6.5          Vibration in machine. 207

6.6          Specific case of exposure to hazard.. 209

CHAPTER 7      Workplace Safety for Children and Adults. 210   N399.00  ($1)

7        Introduction. 210

7.1          Meeting children’s safety needs. 210

7.2          Child safety at home, neighbourhood and school 217

7.3          Children and machinery. 222

7.4          Personal safety for children. 224

7.5          Personal safety for youth and young adults. 226

7.6          Personal safety for adults (24-45 years) 226

7.7          Personal safety for older people (above 65 years) 228

7.8          Child safety issues in Nigeria. 229

CHAPTER 8      Office and Home Safety. 230      N399.00  ($1)

8.1          Introduction. 230

8.2          Components of office safety. 230

8.3          Safety in working with personal computers. 233

8.4          Some common health concerns. 238

8.5          Good ergonomic practice. 238

CHAPTER 9    Workplace Emergency Response. 240     N399.00  ($1)

9        Introduction. 240

9.1          Typical workplace hazard.. 240

9.1.1      Environmental hazards. 240

9.1.2      Electrical and lightening hazards. 246

9.1.3      Work-related hazards. 255

9.2          First aid treatment and kits. 258

9.3          Rescue and resuscitation. 266

9.4          Workplace injury treatment 270

9.5          Rehabilitation treatments. 273

APPENDIX     Workshop Risk Assessment Report 278

Bibliography. 283

Notes. 291

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