Farm Tractor Systems



Book description

This book provides a link between machine functionality, operations, performance and decision making in the management of power sources and field operations. Depreciation and functional deviation of a machine from its original state at manufacture could put the life of a machine in danger of breakdown or obsolescence, which is counted a loss to any such organization or the entrepreneur. To avoid such losses, an understanding of machine systems functionality and a well-organized maintenance programme designed to maintain, prevent or restore machine to near original state is required.

​Table of content

Preface. xii

Introduction. xiv

Book objective. xv

PART 1     FARM POWER RESOURCES & MAINTENANCE CONCEPTS.. 1

CHAPTER 1   Farm Power Resources. 2       ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 2

Farm power sources. 2

Practical exercise. 21

CHAPTER 2    ​Decision making in Power Selection. 22    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 22

Critical factors in machinery procurement 22

Decision making in machinery procurement 23

Power-implement (machinery) selection. 28

Practical exercise. 29

CHAPTER 3   Concepts of Maintenance Practices. 30​ ​    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 30

Machine failure. 30

Maintenance. 32

Reasons for machinery maintenance. 32

Maintenance policy and decision making.. 34

Types of maintenance. 35

Tero-technology and its concept 43

Maintenance functions and probability (maintenanceability) 44

Machinery repair concepts. 45

Best maintenance and repairs practice. 46

Repairs and maintenance costs. 49

Practical exercise. 49

CHAPTER 4     Maintenance Workshop and Organization.50    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 50

Workshop information. 51

Machine/maintenance workshop layout 51

Workshop organization. 53

Keeping records in workshop.. 54

Fire control in maintenance workshop.. 55

Practical exercises. 57

PART 2    TRACTOR DIVISIONS AND POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS.. 58

Introduction. 59

Tractor divisions. 60

CHAPTER 5       Engines and Engine Systems. 62    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 62

Fundamentals of engine and engine systems. 62

Types of engine. 63

Internal combustion engine (ICE) 64

Working principles of an IC engine. 66

Classification of internal combustion engine. 70

Lubricating oil and oil classification. 115

Practical exercise. 121

CHAPTER 6   Tractor Power Transmission Systems. 122    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 122

Tractor power drive systems. 122

Mechanical transmission (Friction drives) 122

Hydraulic power drives. 127

Tractor drive shafts. 130

Tractor transmission systems. 138

Tractor steering systems. 141

Clutch system... 146

Brake systems. 147

Tractor chassis. 150

Practical exercise. 151

CHAPTER 7   Tractor Drive Designs and Differential Systems. 152    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 152

Tractor drive designs. 152

Tractor front axle. 154

Tractor tyres. 155

Tractor differential system... 164

Practical exercise. 166

PART 3    ENGINE AND TRACTOR SYSTEMS MAINTENANCE.. 167

Introduction. 168

CHAPTER 8     Engine Tune Up and Overhauling.. 169    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 169

Basic requirements for engine maintenance work. 169

Planning for engine maintenance. 170

Engine tune up.. 171

Maintenance of petrol engine. 178

Maintenance of Diesel (tractor) engine systems. 186

Engine overhauling.. 225

Preparing engine for end of season storage. 234

Practical exercise. 235

CHAPTER 9    Tractor Maintenance and Servicing Schedule. 237    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 237

Maintenance report/record.. 237

Operation-hour measurement and computation. 245

Guide to preparing tractor for maintenance. 246

Tractor transmission component maintenance. 247

The differential system maintenance. 264

The rear axle shaft and housing.. 266

Shock absorber installation. 274

Tyre service and maintenance. 274

Greasing and adjustments. 284

Tractor service access points. 286

Practical exercises. 286

PART 4    TRACTOR DRIVING AND OPERATION.. 287

Introduction. 288

CHAPTER 10     Tractor Driving and Operations. 289    ​​N399.00  ($1)

Introduction. 289

Tractor drive control systems. 290

Tractor hydraulic controls. 295

Tractor instrument controls. 296

Tractor driving and operation. 304

Nigerian and international highway codes. 310

Tractor driving tests. 323

Tractor field operations. 326

Attaching implements to tractor 328

Tractor gear selection for field operations. 337

Draft control on the field.. 340

Field operation patterns and methods. 343

Estimating tractor operating costs and fuel consumption. 348

Tractor power and field calculations. 351

Practical exercises. 354

References. 355

Glossary of Terms. 360

Appendix. 363

Notes. 368

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