​Agricultural Engineering Vol 1



Introduction

This book gave an overview of agricultural engineering ​practices, which ​were not adequately ​treated in engineering ​curriculum in ​the university, and other related institutional curricular. ​Volume 1 covers a wider scope of ​agricultural engineering practice​, exploring three major aspects of ​agricultural engineering development, ​land ​preparation and crop establishment.

​Table of content

Preface to Volume 1. xiii

Part 1                  AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING & DEVELOPMENT.. xv

CHAPTER 1     ​Agricultural Engineering Development       ​N399.00  ($1)

1.0          Engineering profession. 17

1.1          Hierarchy of engineering profession. 19

1.2          Institutional regulatory bodies in Nigeria. 20

1.3          Professional engineering organizations in Nigeria. 22

1.4          Code of engineering conduct/practice. 24

1.5          Introduction to agricultural engineering.. 26

1.6          Historic emergence of Agricultural Engineering.. 26

1.7          Agricultural engineering education in Nigeria. 28

1.8          Agricultural engineering specializations. 32

1.9          Scope and career opportunities in agricultural engineering.. 44

1.10        Agricultural engineering and national development 49

Further reading.. 49

CHAPTER 2    ​Agricultural Mechanization. ​         N399.00  ($1)

2.0          Introduction. 51

2.1          Mechanization. 51

2.2          Motorization and tractorization. 69

2.3          Machine and human labour measurement 70

Further reading.. 71

CHAPTER 3      ​Management of Engineering Utilities. ​N399.00  ($1)

3.0          Introduction. 75

3.1          Management processes. 75

3.2          Organization and authority structure. 76

3.3          Industrial relation systems. 77

3.4          Industrial laws and legislation. 79

3.5          Management of engineering utilities. 81

3.6          Farm records and keeping.. 81

Further reading.. 91

CHAPTER 4      ​ Economics of Machine Use. ​   ​N399.00  ($1)

4.0          Introduction. 92

4.1          Definition of economic variables. 92

4.2          Machinery costs and categories. 93

4.2.1      Fixed or ownership costs. 95

4.2.2      Operating costs. 101

4.2.3      Timeliness costs. 106

Further reading.. 106

CHAPTER 5      ​ Farm Power & Development ​        ​​N399.00  ($1)

5        Introduction. 108

5.1          Power sources on the farm... 108

5.2          Power utilization on the farm... 147

5.3          Agricultural tractors. 148

5.4          Features of agricultural tractor 160

5.4.1      The tractor engine. 161

5.4.2      Tractor power transmission system... 161

5.4.3      Tractor differential system... 164

5.4.4      Tractor auxiliary systems. 165

Further reading.. 173

CHAPTER 6    ​ Farm Machinery Development ​      N399.00  ($1)

6.0          Introduction. 175

6.1          Development of farm machinery. 175

6.2          Decision making in machinery procurement 176

6.3          Machinery selection procedure. 176

6.4          Machinery performance factors. 178

Further reading.. 184

Part 2      ​AGRICULTURAL LAND PREPARATION... ​  ​                                              

CHAPTER 7    ​ Introduction to Agricultural Land Surveying.. 187       N399.00  ($1)

7.       Introduction. 187

7.1          Surveying.. 187

7.2          Surveying equipment 189

7.3          Types of surveying and equipment 193

7.4          Recording survey measurements. 203

7.5          Introduction to geo-informatics. 206

Further reading.. 207

CHAPTER 8    ​Agricultural Land Clearing & Development​      ​N399.00  ($1)

8        Introduction. 208

8.1          Land clearing.. 208

8.2          Objectives of agricultural land clearing.. 209

8.3          Land clearing methods. 210

8.4          Machinery power sources. 213

8.5          Factors affecting the choice of land clearing.. 214

8.6          Estimation of land clearing cost 215

8.7          Disposal of vegetation. 217

8.8          Landform and development 219

8.9          Systems of land leveling.. 229

8.10        Introduction to distance measurement 234

Further Reading.. 237

CHAPTER 9       ​Agricultural Practices and Tillage Operations. ​      ​N399.00  ($1)

9        Introduction. 239

9.1          Mechanized agricultural practices. 239

9.2          Seedbed preparation. 242

9.3          Agricultural tillage practices. 244

9.3.1      Land preparation by conventional tillage. 246

9.3.2      Land preparation by conservation tillage. 283

9.3.3      Precision agriculture and vehicle guidance. 288

Further Reading.. 294

Part 3      CROP PLANTING AND   ESTABLISHMENT.. ​
 CHAPTER 10       ​Crop Planting and Establishment 297​     ​N399.00  ($1)

10      Introduction. 297

10.1        Crop planting methods and patterns. 298

10.2        Planting equipment 304

10.3        Crop planting on bed and ridged surfaces. 319

10.4        Germination tests and plant establishment procedures. 323

10.5        Planting equipment calibration. 326

10.6        Seedling transplantation. 330

Further reading.. 338

CHAPTER 11   ​ Intercultural Operations. ​​    N399.00  ($1)

11      Introduction. 340

11.1        Crop thinning.. 340

11.2        Fertilizer application. 351

11.2.1         Fertilizer application techniques. 352

11.3        Crop protection programme. 364

11.3.1         Pest and weed control programme. 364

11.3.2         Crop protection equipment 371

11.3.3         Chemical injection systems. 391

11.3.4         Chemigation. 392

Further reading.. 393

Sample Questions. 395

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